According to the statistics of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the number of Venezuelan refugees has been soaring in recent years, accumulating more than 4.6 million in 2021, second only to Syria's 6.8 million. But why is there such a large refugee population in Central and South America, which is less affected by war and climate change? In fact, after a series of wrong social and economic policies in Venezuela, hyperinflation broke out in 2014. The people faced serious economic difficulties. In order to survive, people had to flee and become "economic refugees". Wide Editing Figure 1 Photo Credit: TNL Brand Studio From the perspective of economic figures,
between 2014 and 2020, Venezuela’s economic popular database scale has shrunk by 74%, the unemployment rate is as high as 51%, and even 76.7% of the population is in extreme poverty (the daily living cost is less than 1.9 US dollars). . Earlier this year, in order to better understand the actual situation of Venezuelan households in terms of food security, nutrition and child protection, World Vision launched an in-depth needs survey in cooperation with local organizations. The results found that 70% of Venezuelan families are facing moderate hunger, and severe hunger causes 30% of children to have a height-to-age ratio below the average, which means that children cannot get enough nutrition, resulting in intellectual, physical and mental development. irreparable damage.
In addition, the survey found that 20% of the refugees who fled would leave their children alone in the country, resulting in social problems such as child protection and intergenerational parenting. This not only presents the impact of the economic crisis on local families, but also allows us to see the outlines of children who are in urgent need of help. After Prosperity: Vulnerable Children Denied Basic Rights to Life It may be hard to imagine that Venezuela, which is now facing economic difficulties, used to have a comprehensive social welfare system including medical care, education, housing, etc. In the past, despite the problem of inequality between the rich and the poor, people's lives are still stable. Guest Professor Yang Jianping analyzed that the difference between heaven and hell between the present and the past is actually due to the unique oil output of Venezuela: